A Positive Attitude: Get Ready for the Holiday Season

  Wow! It’s the end of the year already! And of course, that means we are entering the holiday season with all of the excitement that comes with it. The holiday season also means a lot of work — planning, organizing, shopping, cooking, traveling, socializing — it can be overwhelming,

Critical Appraisal Questions for Evidence-Based Practice: Can I Apply the Results to Practice?

All month I’ve been discussing the major questions you need to ask when critically appraising a research study. In this post, I’ll review the subquestions you need to ask when determining whether you can apply the results to your patient or patient population. Using Evidence to Make Clinical Decisions The

Critical Appraisal Questions for Evidence-Based Practice: Are the Results Important?

This month I’m talking about the questions to ask when critically appraising a research study for use in your evidence-based nursing practice. In this post, I’ll address the question of determining if the actual research findings/results are significant and meaningful – What are the Results? (AKA Are the Results Important?) The major

Critical Appraisal Questions for Evidence-Based Practice: Is the Study Necessary and Are the Results Valid?

Critical appraisal skills are essential for the nurse, regardless of role or clinical expertise. I introduced you to the topic of critical appraisal in evidence-based practice (EBP) in the last blog post. I provided the purpose of critical appraisal and overviewed the steps of critical appraisal. In this post, I’ll

What Does “Critical Appraisal” Mean in Evidence-Based Practice?

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the deliberate use of the best evidence that is tempered with your clinical expertise and the patient’s preferences and clinical situation. EVERY nurse is responsible for practicing according to the best evidence and research findings – therefore, every nurse needs to understand WHAT EBP is, HOW

How to Choose a Theory for Nursing Practice

All undergraduate nursing students take a nursing theory/nursing philosophy course. Masters and doctoral students take advanced courses in theory. What’s the point? To use theory for nursing practice, of course! Many students wonder about the purpose of nursing theory — and just theory in general. Is it just an academic

How to Figure Out Your Personal Philosophy of Nursing

One of the most common assignments in nursing school is to help students articulate their personal values and beliefs about their nursing career — in other words, writing a personal philosophy of nursing. In this post, I’ll give you some tips to help you consider how to uncover your true

Borrowed Theory in Nursing Theory Development

Nursing theory is not that old. Other than Florence Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing in 1860, nursing theories only started to be developed in the 1950s. So was nursing atheoretical until then? No. Nurses “borrowed” theories from other disciplines to inform nursing practice. Nurses borrowed theories from psychology, physiology, sociology, medicine, physics, and organizational

How to Identify Assumptions, Beliefs, and Values in Nursing Theory

Assumptions, beliefs, and values are terminology used when describing the foundation of nursing theories. Theories are used to describe, explain, and predict nursing phenomena, that is, the nursing metaparadigm concepts. Nursing theory is the theorist’s worldview or personal perspective of how the nursing world works.   Understanding the theorist’s assumptions, beliefs, and

What is the Nursing Metaparadigm?

Metaparadigms. Theoretical frameworks. Conceptual models. Assumptions. Propositions. Concepts. These are all terms that every nursing student needs to understand and apply for nursing theory class. This post will explain what a metaparadigm is, which phenomena define the four nursing metaparadigms, and provide examples of the metaparadigm concepts from selected nursing theorists.  If you

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