What Does “Pre-Appraised Evidence” Mean in Evidence-Based Practice?

When looking for evidence – where should you start? Well at the top of course! At the top of the hierarchy of evidence quality is pre-appraised evidence (Haynes, 2007). If you go through your university or medical library, there are multiple databases to search, such as MEDLINE or CINAHL. You

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Expert Advice: EBP Resources: Online Clinical Practice Guidelines

One of the questions I’ve been asked recently is around finding free online resources for evidence-based practice (EBP).  (Of course, I think you are already on the best website for clarifying your questions and really understanding how to be an evidence-based practitioner!) 🙂 I have been obsessed with finding good

What Do Confidence Intervals Really Tell You?

P-values and Confidence Intervals In a previous post, I talked about p-values – what they tell you and what they don’t tell you. Quick recap since talking about confidence intervals is related to p-values: p-values ONLY tell you whether a research result is statistically significant or not based on the

What Do P-Values Really Mean?

This month’s blog theme is nursing research, so I’m discussing the meaning of some statistical concepts to help you interpret the research studies you are reading.  I’m going to talk about several concepts this month that I have found both undergraduate and graduate students struggle to really understand. Last week

What’s the Difference Between Statistical Significance and Clinical Significance?

There are two types of significance used to interpret research studies – statistical significance and clinical significance. They are not the same thing. One answers the question, Are the statistical results due to random chance? and the other answers the question, So what? Will the results matter to our patients?

Expert Advice: How to Evaluate the Credibility of an Online Website

Every month I answer a question from my readers and nursing colleagues. This month’s question is about evaluating the credibility of an online website and its associated content. There are many online websites that look good — but how do you know if you can trust the information they are

How to Write a Literature Review

At some point in your graduate nursing program, you will most likely have to write a literature review about an assigned topic or a self-selected topic (e.g., your thesis, dissertation, or capstone project topic). Undergraduate students don’t typically have to write a full-blown literature review; however, the tips in this post

What is Concept Mapping and Mind Mapping?

Concept mapping and mind mapping have been used in science education since the 1970s.  Nursing students in undergraduate and graduate classes are frequently asked to create concept maps or mind maps around a central concept or idea.  These assignments may be used for individual or group projects and as a

How to Write an Annotation and Annotated Bibliography or Reference List

At some point in time, your faculty may ask you to write an annotated bibliography or an annotated reference list.  This may happen in your undergraduate program, but it is more likely to be a requirement in your graduate program.   This post will define terms, outline the difference between

Career Advice: What are the Requirements for Prescriptive Authority for Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs)?

One of the frequent questions I hear from graduate students or practicing advanced practice registered nurses (APNs or APRNs) is about prescriptive authority. This post will review national and state requirements for APRNs to obtain prescriptive authority and provide online resources for further information. Click Here for Your Free Prescriptive

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